ESSERE / AVERE - MOST COMMON MISTAKES

ESSERE / AVERE (TO BE / TO HAVE ) - THE MOST COMMON MISTAKES


Two key italian verbs you must, and probably already, know are the verb ESSERE (to be) and the verb AVERE (to have).


To introduce you to the most common mistakes english speakers do when using these two verbs, I'd like to do a premise.

Speaking a foreign language is not just a literal translation process. That would be too easy, wouldn't it? What I mean is that translate literally a sentence, word by word, is not always the best idea. It can work sometimes, but in most of the cases it doesn't.

A language is not just made by words, but by idioms, expressions, culture. We do have to consider every aspect of the language.


For instance, the expressions " this computer doesn't work" cannot be literally translated with "questo computer non lavora" (unless the computer is an animated item which wakes up and go to work. But I am quite sure that won't be the case). We would use " questo computer non funziona" instead.



Here are some examples when we use the verb to be in english which has to be translated with the verb to have in italian


HOW OLD ARE YOU? (EN verb to be) --> QUANTI HANNI HAI? ( IT verb to have )

I'M THIRSTY (EN verb to be) --> HO SETE (IT verb to have)

I'M HUNGRY (EN verb to be) --> HO FAME (IT verb to have)

I'M SLEEPY (EN verb to be) --> HO SONNO (IT verb to have)

I'M AFRAID (EN verb to be) --> HO PAURA (IT verb to have)

I'M COLD (EN verb to be) --> HO FREDDO (IT verb to have)

I'M HOT (EN verb to be) -->HO CALDO (IT verb to have)

I'M RIGHT (EN verb to be) -->HO RAGIONE (IT verb to have)

I'M WRONG (EN verb to be) --> HO TORTO (IT verb to have)



Here are some cases when we use the verb to have in english which has to be translated with a specific italian verb


TO HAVE BREAKFAST (EN verb to have) --> FARE COLAZIONE

TO HAVE LUNCH (EN verb to have) --> PRANZARE

TO HAVE DINNER (EN verb to have) --> CENARE

TO HAVE A SHOWER (EN verb to have) -->FARE UNA DOCCIA

TO HAVE A GOOD TIME (EN verb to have) --> DIVERTIRSI



These are just a few examples. I've tried to list the most common mistakes english speakers do but there are a few more.


CIAO!




28 aprile 2020
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Silvia

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Ciao carissimi studenti di italiano, Mi presenterò in poche parole. Silvia, 27 anni, italiana doc, incredibilmente appassionata di apprendimento e insegnamento delle lingue straniere. La mia storia come insegnante comincia diversi anni fa, quando io stessa ero una studentessa alle scuole superiori. E' cominciato tutto aiutando i miei compagni di classe: questa passione è cresciuta poi fino a portarmi in Australia per insegnare italiano dopo la mia laurea in lingue presso l'Università Cà Foscari di Venezia. Una volta tornata a casa, non ho più smesso. Amo le lingue straniere ed amo insegnare : sono sicura che con un po di passione e costanza qualsiasi studente possa raggiungere grandi risultati. Credo fortemente nello storytelling come strumento educativo: se vi piacciono le storie, potete ascoltarne alcune sul mio podcast (https://open.spotify.com/show/3A9U8AIAZmrNLblDRr71rR) Mi diverte creare contenuti originali per rendere lo studio della lingua piacevole: il mio canale youtube si chiamata ITALIANDO. Spero di vedervi presto per condividere la passione per la mia lingua madre: l'ITALIANO. Hello dear students of italian, I'll introduce myself briefly. Silvia, 27 years old, truly italian, incredibly passionate about language learning and teaching. My story as a teacher started a few years ago, when I was still an highschool student. It all started helping my classmates: the teaching passion grew up and developed, taking me to Australia as italian teacher in a public school (just after my graduation in languages at Cà Foscari university in Venice). Once come back home, I couldn't stop teaching. I love foreign languages and I do love teaching : I strongly believe that, with a bit of passion and resolution, any student can achieve amazing results. I strongly believe in the power of storytelling as education tool: if you like stories, you can listen some on my podcast (https://open.spotify.com/show/3A9U8AIAZmrNLblDRr71rR). I enjoy creating original contents to make the study of the language more enjoyable : my youtube channel name is ITALIANDO. I hope to see you soon to share with you the passion for my own native language : ITALIAN.
Flag
Italiano
globe
Italia
time
74
Parla:
Italiano
Madrelingua
,
Spagnolo
C1
,
Inglese
C1
,
Portoghese
B1
Ciao carissimi studenti di italiano, Mi presenterò in poche parole. Silvia, 27 anni, italiana doc, incredibilmente appassionata di apprendimento e insegnamento delle lingue straniere. La mia storia come insegnante comincia diversi anni fa, quando io stessa ero una studentessa alle scuole superiori. E' cominciato tutto aiutando i miei compagni di classe: questa passione è cresciuta poi fino a portarmi in Australia per insegnare italiano dopo la mia laurea in lingue presso l'Università Cà Foscari di Venezia. Una volta tornata a casa, non ho più smesso. Amo le lingue straniere ed amo insegnare : sono sicura che con un po di passione e costanza qualsiasi studente possa raggiungere grandi risultati. Credo fortemente nello storytelling come strumento educativo: se vi piacciono le storie, potete ascoltarne alcune sul mio podcast (https://open.spotify.com/show/3A9U8AIAZmrNLblDRr71rR) Mi diverte creare contenuti originali per rendere lo studio della lingua piacevole: il mio canale youtube si chiamata ITALIANDO. Spero di vedervi presto per condividere la passione per la mia lingua madre: l'ITALIANO. Hello dear students of italian, I'll introduce myself briefly. Silvia, 27 years old, truly italian, incredibly passionate about language learning and teaching. My story as a teacher started a few years ago, when I was still an highschool student. It all started helping my classmates: the teaching passion grew up and developed, taking me to Australia as italian teacher in a public school (just after my graduation in languages at Cà Foscari university in Venice). Once come back home, I couldn't stop teaching. I love foreign languages and I do love teaching : I strongly believe that, with a bit of passion and resolution, any student can achieve amazing results. I strongly believe in the power of storytelling as education tool: if you like stories, you can listen some on my podcast (https://open.spotify.com/show/3A9U8AIAZmrNLblDRr71rR). I enjoy creating original contents to make the study of the language more enjoyable : my youtube channel name is ITALIANDO. I hope to see you soon to share with you the passion for my own native language : ITALIAN.
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