How to.....pronounce -ed endings in verbs.



You wanted me to look at a few tricky areas of pronunciation. I really understand the problem! Why is it written one way and said in a completely different way? This can cause real issues when you want to speak more fluently and feel confident that you are saying something correctly.
The good news is that, in some cases, there are some simple rules to follow (of course there are always exceptions). I've put together the infographic above to help you decide how to pronounce -ed endings. I'm dealing with verbs here as other -ed ending words, such as adjectives, may follow different patterns.
Using the flow-chart.
When we look at regular verbs ending in -ed (the past simple form) this is a straight-forward process.
Example
How do I say "finished"? (the infinitive of finished is finish). Using the word "finish" I follow the flow chart:

  • Does "finish" end in a 'd' or 't' sound?
- No.
  • Is it 'voiced' or 'unvoiced'?
- It's unvoiced.
  • Then I should use /t/ at the end of the word 'finished'.
I've included some examples in the flow chart to help.
Once you're happy with using this, I recommend making three groups of -ed ending words in your vocabulary book: those that you say /Id/, /d/ and /t/ with.
How do you tell is something is 'voiced' or 'unvoiced'?
You can tell if an ending is 'voiced' or 'unvoiced' quite simply by putting your hand on your throat when you say the word: feel a strong vibration? It's voiced. Don't feel any, or it's very weak: then it's 'unvoiced'
6 luglio 2020
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Pete Mason

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I am from Scotland and I'm an experienced, qualified TESoL teacher. I have been teaching online and offline for the last 7 years in Poland. I have helped: - ambitious business professionals boost their promotion opportunities by elevating their communication efficiency to the next level, - determined university students gain entry to the University of their choice by honing their written skills, - committed life-long learners develop a robust English language learning habit that guarantees continued success through coaching and mentoring. I achieve these results by applying a variety of tools: the normal PPP method (Present, Practice, Produce), task-based learning and coaching techniques. Everyone learns in a different way, therefore my approach is quite flexible, but focused on achieving results. Lessons with me are relaxed and good-natured. I'm quite chilled out, but I expect my learners to perform! I frequently use the flipped classroom model, therefore you can expect to do a lot of work in your own time.
Flag
Inglese
globe
Regno Unito
time
22
Parla:
Inglese
Madrelingua
,
Polacco
B1
I am from Scotland and I'm an experienced, qualified TESoL teacher. I have been teaching online and offline for the last 7 years in Poland. I have helped: - ambitious business professionals boost their promotion opportunities by elevating their communication efficiency to the next level, - determined university students gain entry to the University of their choice by honing their written skills, - committed life-long learners develop a robust English language learning habit that guarantees continued success through coaching and mentoring. I achieve these results by applying a variety of tools: the normal PPP method (Present, Practice, Produce), task-based learning and coaching techniques. Everyone learns in a different way, therefore my approach is quite flexible, but focused on achieving results. Lessons with me are relaxed and good-natured. I'm quite chilled out, but I expect my learners to perform! I frequently use the flipped classroom model, therefore you can expect to do a lot of work in your own time.
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