日本語が難しい5つの理由 / 5reasons why Japanese is difficult

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Shota Nakayama Giapponese
8 novembre 2017
626
un minuto
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  1. 漢字 普段、日本人が当たり前に使っている漢字は外国人にとって、とても厄介な文字です。私たち日本人が物書きを始めたころから少しずつ覚えてきた日本語の漢字。漢字の溢れている環境で育ったから、日本人は初めて見る字でも何となく読み方を言い当てられたり、意味を推測できたりします。

しかし、この漢字の苦労を漢字のない環境で育った外国人がゼロから始めるとなるとかなり大変です。ひとつひとつの部首を覚え、その意味を知り、書き順にも注意する漢字は、外国人にとってはとても難解な文字です。

  1. Kanji Japanese people use Kanji as normal. but It is so hard for foreigners. Japanese people start learning Kanji day by day since they are kid. Japanese people grow up with Environment of using Kanji. That`s why they can guess meaning.

However, Foreigners never grow up as Japanese. Japanese is second language for them. Of course leaning Kanji can be so hard for them.

Leaning Kanji take a time and not easy. although important things to learn Kanji are day by day, understanding meaning and stroke order.

  1. 助詞 日本語の学習を始めて間もない段階では、“つなぐ言葉”が難しいという人が多いです。「この場合は“が”?“は”?」、「“に”と“で”はどうやって使い分ける?」など、助詞の厄介なところは、質問されてもこれといった明確な答えがだせないところです。

例えば、「私が思うに~です」を「私“は”思うに~です」とは言わないと説明しても、「なぜおかしいのか?」と聞かれたら答えられません。助詞の自然な使い方は日本人との普段の会話の中から、動詞とセットにして自然に覚えていくのが適切な方法です。

  1. Particle There are many Japanese learners who are beginning. They are always struggle to understand words connection. "が”?”は”?/ "に”と”で”へ” etc. Particle is so complicate to teach and make student understand clearly. because there is no answer.

For example 「私が思うに~です」を「私“は”思うに~です」 If somebody ask what is difference between those? It is so hard to answer. Japanese people remember particle + verb that natural and best way to learn.

  1. 敬語 日本語の厄介な点で、外国人が必ず挙げるのがこの“敬語”です。英語やラテン語にも“丁寧な言い方”や、“ややかしこまった言い方”というのはありますが、日本語のような敬語の概念は存在しません。日本人でも、尊敬語と謙譲語と丁寧語を正しく使い分けて自然に話すのは難しいですよね。

外国人からすると、「行きます」と言われたら理解できるけど、「お伺いいたします」と言われたら何を言ってるのかわからなくなってしまいます。同じ意味として結びつけることができず、全く別の意味に感じてしまうそうです。

  1. Honorific Honorific is hard part of learning Japanese for foreigner. There is polite language in English, Spanish, French. However they do not have as polite as Japanese. Even Japanese people sometimes are struggle to speak honorific naturally.

For example, 「行きます」,「お伺いいたします」 Those are same meaning. However foreigner understand 「行きます」and do not understand 「お伺いいたします」.

  1. ニュアンス 日本語には他の言葉に訳す事のできない微妙なニュアンスの言葉が多いです。「よろしくお願いします」、「恐れ入ります」、「お邪魔します」、「お疲れさま」などは、長く日本に住んで実際に何度も耳にしないとなかなか使い方が分からないのです。

  2. Nuance Japanese has so many words which can not translate to other language perfectly. For example, 「よろしくお願いします」、「恐れ入ります」、「お邪魔します」、「お疲れさま」etc. It is so hard to understand how to use without living in Japan or listening so many times.

  3. カタカナ語 日本には日本語英語もたくさんあります。カタカナになっている言葉もたくさんありますが、全てが英語から来た言葉ではないし、本来の意味とは違った意味で使われている言葉が多く、外国人にとってそれらを把握するのは至難の業なのです。

  4. Katakana Language Japanese has many "katakana language”. Japanese people believe "katakana language” is easy to learn for foreigner. because It is from oversea. However "katakana language” is completely different as foreign language and totally new language for foreigner.

Giapponese Tutor Shota
$16.00-17.00
USD/h

Shota

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(195)
Flag Giapponese
Giappone
261
Giapponese
Madrelingua
,
Inglese
C1
,
Spagnolo
A1
Hello! My name is Shota and I’m from Japan. I have over 6 years’ experience teaching Japanese in New Zealand, Australia, South America and online and I totally understand how hard learning Japanese can be! During our conversations we can chat about many fun topics, including Japanese culture and traditions, food, travel and anime. During the lesson I will help you with your pronunciation and suggest ways for your sentences to sound more fluent and natural. I will write notes in the skype chat box of any new vocabulary & expressions we discuss during the lesson. I speak fluent English so if you are a beginner please don’t worry as I can explain everything to you during the lesson 😊 I believe speaking often is the key to learning a new language. If you would like to take regular lessons we can come up with a learning plan that is tailored to your needs. I am very flexible with my lesson plans so if there is something special you would like to focus on please send me message and we can figure something out! I am very friendly and patient and hope to see you in a lesson soon. Note: I am also familiar with the Japanese text books "Genki" and "Kodansha Kanji". こんにちは。私の名前は翔太です。6年間ニュージーランド、オーストラリア、南米で日本語を教えました。その中で学んだ日本語の難しさを参考に教えていきたいです。私のレッスンでは日本の文化、伝統、旅行、食べる、アニメといった面白いトピックでレッスンではを進めていきたいです。また、日本語テキスト”げんき”や”こだんしゃ漢字”の手助けもできます。 Cancellation/Rescheduling is only possible if you send a request more than 24 hours before the lesson. However, if you are unable to give at least 24 hours notice before cancelling/rescheduling a lesson, the full lesson fee will be charged. If you are unable to give me at least 24 hours notice, please do NOT click any cancel/reschedule buttons . Also, if you are more than 15 minutes late, you are considered absent, and the full lesson fee will be charged. Thank you for your understanding.
$16.00-17.00
USD/h
Flag Giapponese
Giappone
261
Giapponese
Madrelingua
,
Inglese
C1
,
Spagnolo
A1
Hello! My name is Shota and I’m from Japan. I have over 6 years’ experience teaching Japanese in New Zealand, Australia, South America and online and I totally understand how hard learning Japanese can be! During our conversations we can chat about many fun topics, including Japanese culture and traditions, food, travel and anime. During the lesson I will help you with your pronunciation and suggest ways for your sentences to sound more fluent and natural. I will write notes in the skype chat box of any new vocabulary & expressions we discuss during the lesson. I speak fluent English so if you are a beginner please don’t worry as I can explain everything to you during the lesson 😊 I believe speaking often is the key to learning a new language. If you would like to take regular lessons we can come up with a learning plan that is tailored to your needs. I am very flexible with my lesson plans so if there is something special you would like to focus on please send me message and we can figure something out! I am very friendly and patient and hope to see you in a lesson soon. Note: I am also familiar with the Japanese text books "Genki" and "Kodansha Kanji". こんにちは。私の名前は翔太です。6年間ニュージーランド、オーストラリア、南米で日本語を教えました。その中で学んだ日本語の難しさを参考に教えていきたいです。私のレッスンでは日本の文化、伝統、旅行、食べる、アニメといった面白いトピックでレッスンではを進めていきたいです。また、日本語テキスト”げんき”や”こだんしゃ漢字”の手助けもできます。 Cancellation/Rescheduling is only possible if you send a request more than 24 hours before the lesson. However, if you are unable to give at least 24 hours notice before cancelling/rescheduling a lesson, the full lesson fee will be charged. If you are unable to give me at least 24 hours notice, please do NOT click any cancel/reschedule buttons . Also, if you are more than 15 minutes late, you are considered absent, and the full lesson fee will be charged. Thank you for your understanding.

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